Recently, Tunisia has experienced strong economic and societal advancement and, more lately, a thriving democratic transition throughout the Arab Spring. The convergence between social advancement and economic growth has yet slowed down because of reduced levels of investment in addition to the persistence of regional and social inequalities.
Based on OECD’s Economic Survey of Tunisia of March 2018, the percentage of public and external debt into Tunisia’s GDP has sharply improved since 2011. To be able to place Tunisia back to a more sustainable trajectory, with no slowing economic expansion as well as the implementation of structural reforms, the public spending has to be redirected to the advantage of disadvantaged populations in the context of continuing growth.
Therefore, the organization of a solidarity economy (SSE) is critical to generate economic opportunities for the advantage of vulnerable inhabitants.
The International Labor Organization introduces the social and solidarity economy for a notion in which the aim of organizations and associations — both their cooperatives, mutual, institutions, foundations, and social businesses — would be to create products, services and knowledge while pursuing both social and economic objectives as well as the promotion of solidarity. Thus, in the solidarity economy, economic action and social fairness are harmonized through societal innovations to resist exclusion and ensure equal chances.
In the last several decades, the économie social et solidaire has turned into among the most crucial resources for economic growth and social stability in most developed and developing markets of the world as a result of its contributions to GDP growth in addition to prosperity and job development.
How to set a social and solidarity economy in Tunisia?
I think, the solution is straightforward: The government should enact laws to cultivate financial decentralization and make sure a much better social and financial participation of particular groups and those who face obstacles in obtaining the labour market in addition to products and services created by the standard market. Such legislation will need to possess improved benefits to vulnerable groups from Tunisia for example women, young men and women, handicapped, migrants, and indigenous communities.
Therefore, SSE has the capability to boost social inclusion, particularly to its most vulnerable, by providing sustainable use of this labour marketplace. As we all know, exclusion from the labour market, schooling, wellness services, and home exposes individuals to extreme poverty, and reduced quality of lifestyle, very low self-esteem and reduction in human dignity. Thus, active involvement of vulnerable men and women in social financial associations (as employees( but as entrepreneurs) signifies a significant step towards combating social exclusion and also the accomplishment of a good quality of living.
The promulgation of these legislation will, but not detract. The authorities will also need to immediately adopt a national strategy based on targeted applications to encourage the Profession integration of vulnerable groups and the federal strategy will also need to be fortified with particular people policies for territorial growth. Tax incentives will need to be made to promote private actors to invest in the social and solidarity economy. What’s more, the government must make the required institutional framework, set administrative centers (for getting permits and opening bank account ) and provide additional aid to the microfinance system. These steps will entice celebrities from the informal economy to the proper one and permit them to execute small or moderate jobs in an organized fashion. To be able to draw as many taxpayers as possible, correct training and training mechanisms also have to be guaranteed.
Eventually, to encourage territorial growth, governments must establish initiatives to ease the development and expansion of societal and solidarity-based businesses. These businesses are frequently the only alternative for marginalized communities because private investors have a tendency to abandon them to get more lucrative markets or remote places. What’s more, social businesses can encourage and complement public policy measures and contribute to community cohesion during delicate transitions, since they are distinct companies. Their actual value added isn’t the maximization of advantages and supply of additional earnings, but their obligation for concerted actions, the evolution of purposeful social endeavors, creation of networks and tactical planning processes. These social enterprises can also be viewed as places to boost political creation from stimulating discussions among policymakers and ordinary citizens, in addition to means of enhancing lifestyles, treating our aging societies, and expanding accessibility to services and information, and encouraging a just and socially balanced culture.
The part of the Ministry of Social and Solidarity Economy, now under development, is critical in establishing and encouraging the social and solidarity economy. The new ministry is going to be asked to act sensibly and economically to make sure a solid base of SSE. It’s high time for Tunisia to emphasise the solidarity economy. As of now, SSE leads to less than 1 percent of Tunisia’s GDP. Comparatively, at France, SSE leads to 10 percent of newly created projects each year, also, at the Scandinavian economies, it contributes to the introduction of a quarter of this new workforce yearly .
Tunisia must boost its participation to SSE to achieve 5-6percent of its GDP annually. Such degree will encourage the private and public businesses in their own development efforts and boost wealth and job creation. The growth will probably yield 60,000 additional tasks annually , bring about the diminishment of Tunisia’s 650,000 jobless, and contribute to grow the yearly wealth. Apart from the estimated yearly growth abilities, this kind of increase will also give open and hope broad horizons for a huge section of Tunisians who feel excluded by the social and economic sphere now.
The solidarity economy can play an essential function in the upcoming evolution of the nation, especially if its advantages are appropriately introduced to the Tunisian men and women. As a societal and solidarity-based market boosts social justice since it empowers the excluded to make their voices heard, permits for a fair distribution of prosperity, also promotes universal accessibility to basic servicesthat the nation should give SSE the significance it deserves as a means from their issues and problems experienced by Tunisia.