Farm Irrigation – A Primer

If you have ever ever driven or flown across the United States, then no doubt you’ve noticed large fields with sprinklers.

From the air, those fields can look like large circles or half encircles. What you’ve seen is farm irrigation.

Farm irrigation is just what farmers (and others) do to bring water to fruit. This type of irrigation is more common in the mid-west and semi-arid plains, where rainfall can be unpredictable and sporadic. Irrigation allows farmers growing agricultural crops to provide a specific sum of water on schedule, which results in a healthy crop yield.

Irrigation Health benefits

There are actually a number of benefits to MycoGold Soybean data irrigation, including landscape, protection from frost, the prevention of soil compaction, sewage dispersal, suppression of dust and even mining.

Crops that are typically irrigated include sunflowers, soybeans, edible beans like navy and even great northern beans, corn and alfalfa. Types of irrigation differ depending on the needs of each crop.

For example , irrigation just for alfalfa may be an overhead sprinkler system on a heart pivot, or it may be a small canal with drain pontoons that spill water over the ground.

Most people are more well-versed in drip irrigation, which is where a small nozzle drips inside the root region of each plant. This type of irrigation is used traditionally for homeowners’ watering needs, since it requires a specific dripper nozzle for each plant.

Types of Irrigation

Flood, or covering irrigation, is used when a stream or canal that has been dammed is opened, allowing the water to flood a given arena or area. The field is usually sloped slightly, to allow this type of water to work its way to the bottom end so that all facilities can receive moisture.

Rice fields are generally watered through flood irrigation, as well as cranberries, wild rice and sometimes alfalfa. This type of irrigation is the oldest on record and has happen to be employed for centuries.

One modified type of flood irrigation has grown widespread in Nebraska and southern Wyoming. Plastic pvc tubes of large dimension are placed along one edge associated with a crop as a continuous pipe, and shallow trenches are actually dug between each plant row. The pvc hoses have half-inch holes drilled every four to six inches. The very pvc is attached to a water source. The water can be allowed to drain out the holes and down the trenches between the plant rows, soaking the roots. This type of irrigation is typically used with corn production.

Another common type of town irrigation is known as sprinkler irrigation. This is done with a giant expenses sprinkler head that is fed from a hose. Picture a new high-pressure “Rain Bird” type sprinkler, just on a colossal scale.

These sprinkler irrigation systems are used for small niche applications like a baseball field, football field, cemetery et cetera. The sprinkler head, sometimes called a “gun, ” will be moved to any convenient spot. This type of irrigation is considered to be mature technology.

Today’s farm irrigation is known more by the core pivot. The center of the pivot is a large hub right from where the water is pumped. The hub has 1 to 2 arms extending the length of the field, held up by wheeled stablises that move slowly. These wheeled hubs will go in a circle around the hub, using drop sprinklers to present water to growing crops just a few feet below. If ever the length or size of the field prevents traveling in a maximum circle, the center pivot can travel a quarter circle, your half circle, or some designated degree of a circle.

Hub pivots are probably the most commonly known irrigation process, and are generally used to water corn, sunflowers, soybeans, edible beans, alfalfa and more.